What is interior designing?

Interior designers make indoor spaces functional, safe, and beautiful by determining space requirements and selecting essential and decorative items, such as colors, lighting, and materials.

Interior Design Basics

Weather you’re redesigning a space for yourself or hiring a professional to do the work, it is good to know the basics of interior designing.


Interior design elements include space, line, forms, light, colour, texture and pattern; and keeping them balanced is the key to creating an aesthetically pleasing interior.


  • Color theory
  • Computer-aided drafting
  • Creating specifications for interior construction
  • Ethics
  • Graphic communication
  • History of interior design/architecture
  • Interior design business practices

Basic Information

Color- Color theory involves the study of hues and how to use them in harmony. It’s helpful in design because it informs a palette that work well together.

Form-The form is nothing but a shape that is, in fact, the very basis of any interior design. It provides a basic outline of the three-dimensional thing or object in space.

Line-Line is used to create width and height, or the appearance of activity, movement, or flow. In interior design, lines are created by the furnishings and architecture of a room, and guide the eye.

Mass-Mass modeling contributes to the conceptual design process by allowing the architect to create a design that promotes the endeavors of its occupants while also eliciting an emotional response in both the interior and exterior environment.

Texture-Rough textures are more likely to make a space feel intimate and grounded while smooth textures bring a sleeker more aloof tone to the room.

Focal Point-The focal point is one of the most fundamental elements in interior design.It’s the first place viewers’ eyes should land when they enter the room and it’s the emphasis point around which you build the rest of your design.

Scale and Proportion-Proportion refers to how well those pieces fit together. Scale refers to how well your pieces fit in your space. While this is the most mathematical interior design principal, your eye can easily identify when something looks out of place.

Harmony and Unity-The harmony and unity that is used in the interior designers bring a sense of cohesion, which makes the initial pattern recognition a much easier task.

Contrast-Putting two contrasting textures together adds visual weight to the space, meaning that components of your design will be able to draw the eye more easily.

Variety-Variety in interior design can come as a unique shape or form, a contrasting colour, or as varying patterns or textures; the use of it adds diversity to our commercial interiors.


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